EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL GENOCIDE AGAINST ALBANIANS IN MACEDONIA (1991-2001)
EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL GENOCIDE AGAINST ALBANIANS IN MACEDONIA (1991-2001) Posted April 16, 2001
EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL GENOCIDE AGAINST ALBANIANS IN MACEDONIA (1991-2001)
ALBANIAN PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION
Shoqata e Botuesve Shqiptar?
Tel: ++ 389 02 600 036/ 622 346; 044 21 975/ 044 330 317 E-Mail:
President, Albanian Publishers Association in Macedonia
UN (Education and Culture Department);
UNESCO (Education and Culture Department);
European Commission (Education and Culture Department);
OSCE (Education and Culture Department);
International Hague Tribunal (Education and Culture Department)
Foreign Embassies in R.Macedonia
EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL GENOCID
AGAINST ALBANIANS IN MACEDONIA (1991-2001)
An Introduction with the school books on Albanian language and
Albanian cultural activities in Macedonia (FYROM)
Subject: INDICTMENT against all previous and present Macedonian Governments of FYROM Macedonia, Signatory country of all International Conventions and Documents for Protection of the Freedom and Civil Rights in different fields, particularly signatory of the Conventions and Documents regarding the Protection of the Cultural and National Identity in EDUCATION and CULTURE
Submitted by: Albanian Publishers Association, with its office in Skopje, Macedonia
Albanian students in the time period 1990-2001
Concerning country: FYROM (Macedonia)
Perpetrator of the crime:
Boris Trajkovski ( president of Macedonia)
Lubco Georgievski (Prime Minister)
Nikolla Klusev (first prime minister in the year 91-92);
Dimitar Dimitrov (minister of education in the year 91-92);
Branko Crvenkovski (prime minister in the year 93-98);
Sofija Todorova (minister of education in the year 93-98);
Gale Galev (minister of education in the year 99-00);
Pavle Petrov, director of the private Macedonian publishing
House "Prosvetno Delo" (in the past this house was in a State ownership with a permanent monopoly).
Physical perpetrator of the crime:
Lubomir Frckovski (ex-minister of internal affair and latter on minister of foreign affairs in the year 1993-1994)
On the opening ceremony of the Tetova University in the year 1994, by his order was killed one man Abdylselam Emini (33years old) from Tetovo and tens were wounded (You can obtain original information from the UNPREDEP mission than in Macedonia). And until today the killers were not finding. Our Accusation against Lubomir Fr?kovski is: Murder and violation over the innocent civilians.
Perpetrator of the crime in the field of culture:
Gjuner Ismail (minister of culture in the year 1993-1994)
Slobodan Unkovski (minister of culture in the year 1996-1998);
Luben Paunovski (minister of culture in the year 1999);
Ganka Samoilova-Cvetanova (minister of culture in the year 2000-2001);
Victims: Albanian Culture in FYROM (Macedonia)
These mentioned above are accused in one GENERAL ACCUSATION:
EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL GENOCID AGAINST ALBANIANS IN MACEDONIA (1991-2001)
Date of accusation forwarding: March 31, 2001
Place: Skopje, FYROM (Macedonia)
First: All these current and previous Governments are signatory of many Conventions, Declarations and Resolutions with You, for protection of Freedom and Human and Political Rights, the Convention for protection of the rights of the "native nation", "majority", "minority", "persons belonging to the minority" etc. and in all these Documents, Conventions and Resolutions the national, cultural and educational identity is protected in all these mentioned categories.
Albanians in Macedonia belong to the category: NATIVE NATION.
By Constitution of Macedonia, Albanians are limited with the term NATIONALITY, what terminologically means national belonging, but in fact they are framed in a group with other minorities like Turks, romes, vlachs and they all together are named like NATIONALITIES.
Second: In the previous political system which have a big language of historical mistakes, but in the same time the ex-Yugoslavia also was a signatory of these same Resolutions and Conventions, Macedonia has made and is still making a permanent national strangle by not respecting the national characteristics of the Albanians, no matter that by the Constitution of the year 1974 dejure Albanians were an equal nation with Macedonians and Turks, and in the same stile this strangle is continuing in a permanent way in these years, but now with some new forms.
For what kind of educational and cultural genocide we accuse previous and current Governments of Macedonia that are mentioned in this ACCUSATION?!
Object of accusation: School books in albanian language (In primary and secondary schools).
Since the year 1982 the practise which is in a persistent way still used is that in the school books for Albanian students the USE OF TOPONYMS ON MACEDONIAN LANGUAGE IN STEAD OF USING THE TOPONYMS ON ALBANIAN language.
Albanian Macedonian English
Shkup Skopje Skopje
Selanik Sollun Salonika
Kėrēovė Kiēevo Kichevo
Manastir Bitolla Bitola
Dibėr Debar Debar
Zarė Zadar Zara
So, despite the fact that every where in the world are been used the adequate toponyms properly to the nation, in Macedonia the private Macedonian publishing house PROSVETNO DELLO, in Albanian school books are still in use Macedonian toponyms for example, for "Shkup" is written "Skopje", for "Selanik" - "Solun", for "Dib?r" - Debar etc.
Authors of the schoolbooks on Albanian language:
98% of the authors of the schoolbooks are Macedonians.
Only in the reading and spelling schoolbook there are Albanian authors, but very often they are presented with cooperation of many Macedonians, a very well known practise that still exist.
Translated texts with a low quality and very unprofessional done from different subjects.
· Syntax mistakes
· Meaning of a word
· Terminology mistakes, etc
In school subject where are presented the identity and national culture like history, Geography, music, natural and social science, art etc.., 95% of the subject are presenting the identity and culture of Macedonians.
National insult: In the left 5% of the subject for other nations, where you can find history for many other nations like Serbs, Croatians, Albanians, turks etc.. the Albanian history is very unclear presented and many times in a negative contest.
Printing, design paper and book completing process:
From a technical point of view the Macedonian books are with much bigger quality than Albanian schoolbooks. Only if You compare spelling schoolbook on Albanian and Macedonian language for the first grade of primary school, differences will speak for themselves.
For all these anomalies much more are presented by the Association of the Albanians Teachers in Macedonia where was completed one package materials from a Seminar organised by them in the year 1994 in Tetovo.
For adequate presentation of this genocide we are sending to You the final version of the Government proposal: NATIONAL CULTURAL PROGRAME of the ministry of culture for the year 2001-2005.
Short introduction for the last 10 years:
Government of Macedonia every year for cultural activities gives from the state budget near 50.000.000 DEM. For Albanian cultural activities gives no more than 500.000 DEM per year (which is only 1% per year).
Albanian culture is been financed in these activities and institutions:
- Albanian cultural institutions:
· Albanian theatre in Skopje with 4-5 premieres per year.
· Number of the Theatre's staff is 19 actors and 30 employees.
· The total amount dedicated to this theatre per year is: 300.000 DEM.
Publishing activity: see page 26 paragraph 8 point 5 - Editions in minority languages of the NATIONAL CULTURAL PROGRAME for the time period 2001-2005, editions which are foreseen for roms vlachs, turks, serbs and other minorities.
The ministry of culture supports approximately 20-30 titles per year. This year were supported 38 titles by Albanian authors despite of 236 macedonian titles. Just to make more clearly: the dedicated budget of 5 collections of Macedonian titles from the Struga poetry evenings is much more bigger than the dedicated budget of these 38 albanian supported titles, which is approximately near 100.000 DEM. (In Macedonia exist 17 publishing houses on Albanian language).
-Folkloric ensemble for Albanian dances "Emin Duraku" from Skopje has only one employee who is paid by the Ministry of culture.
· The total amount that is dedicated by the Ministry of culture to this folk ensemble for covering the expenses of its employee and some other projects is 10.000 DEM.
Currently in Macedonia there are 165 cultural institutions with total number of employees of 2900 persons. From these, only 2 institutions supported by the Ministry of culture are on Albanian language (Albanian theatre in Skopje and Albanian folk ensemble "Emin Duraku from Skopje - see page 27 paragraph 9 point 4: folk ensemble Emin Duraku - Skopje, and page 29 paragraph 20 point 5: Albanian theatre Skopje, from the NATIONAL CULTURAL PROGRAMME for the time period 2001-2005. Together these two institutions employ 50 persons. There are some other Albanians employed in some other cultural institutions and been paid by the Ministry of culture and they are: 2 persons employed in Skopje libraries ("Cvetan Dimov" and "Kiril i Metodij"), 3 other persons employed in Tetovo (1 in the The Palace of Culture and 2 in the Tetovi library "Kosta Racin") and one (1) more employed in Struga library. So, from the total number of employees in all cultural institutions and paid by the Ministry of culture that is 2900, only 55 are Albanians.
In the State Budget of R.Macedonia, Albanians contribute with their taxes at least 23% (according to the official statistical number of the Albanian population).
The Ministry of culture, as You can see from all these facts, dedicate to Albanian cultural activities less than 1% from the total budget per year.
1. The right for publishing of all school books on Albanian language, because of the mentioned defects, URGENTLY to be given to the Albanian Publishers Association (where are 17 publishing houses which produce books and children's magazines) who will in co-operation with the Pedagogical Institution and Ministry of education all school books will be adequately corrected.
So, the publishing editions SCHOOL BOOK formed by the APA for now to be an URGENT PUBLISHER of the SCHOOL BOOKS on Albanian language for the coming school year, in order to eliminate all defects in school texts published by the private Macedonian publishing house "Prosvetno Delo".
2. Ministry of culture to form a Department for Albanian culture (or named other) and to this department to dedicate amount accordingly to the official number of Albanian population (23%).
We are aware that our request and accusation will not immediately meet Your support. Also, we know that it does not seems right that all these mentioned persons with high government functions who have signed many CONVENTIONS, RESOLUTIONS and DOCUMENTS with You for protection and cultivation of the national characteristics of every nation have done nothing to do so.We think and we hope that Your suggestions and remarks will influence to the current authorities to improve their mistakes in order Albanians to get more quality education and equally with the others.
AT THE END: If You need any additional information, we are ready any time to give You an additional materials, or to send to You a representative of the Albanian Publishers Association who will inform You about all circumstances regarding to educational and cultural activities of the Albanians in Macedonia.
We wish You many success in this and other subjects, which are regarded to protection of the human identity, national characteristics, human rights and freedom of the people.
With hope of soon hearing from You I remain,
President of the APA
Package materials presented by the Association of the Albanians Teachers in Macedonia where was completed from the Seminar organized by them in the year 1994 in Tetovo. This material will be sent to you together with the other published materials from all Albanian intellectuals.
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